Feeding the society in terms of economic, social, and health is of great importance in human societies as some degree of progress that countries assess their feeding. In this regard, poultry and eggs for protein and energy requirements and feed efficiency are the best animal products (2).
Poultry in many parts of the world for ease of doing business, high performance and superior economy is extremely important as investment in the world after oil Byshtrynsrmayh allocated (1). Despite relatively high production of poultry meat in the country, the heavy reliance on foreign sources are poultry feed and feed for the poultry industry is taking a substantial foreign exchange annually. In this regard needs to be part of sunflower meal (sunflower oil_cake) and poultry fat (poultry fat), along with other sources of imported used as a substitute for a portion of poultry feed.
Table 1) feed efficiency, energy and protein in certain animal products (10) Beef cow's milk products, eggs, poultry meat, turkey meat Mutton Fish
Feed efficiency (feed / gain) 20 45 19/6 90/91 11/1 12/5 62/5
Energy efficiency (energy / energy) 8/28 8/10 5/30 17/24 2/92 2/27 14/5
Return proteins (consumption / production of protein) 26/65 52/65 31/25 37 9/43 6/1 47/62
Planting of oilseeds such as sunflower, sesame, safflower and hemp has a long history in countries with universal applications such as human nutrition, pharmacy, soap, fuel and animal feed and poultry are. As products like sesame, safflower, hemp and castor, while recent years have reduced the world's oil production, particularly in countries such as Australia and Canada but have increased sharply. Sunflower scientific name .Helianthus annus L of the family Asteraceae global distribution. The plant was introduced to Europe in the sixteenth century an America that once again in the nineteenth century for the development of improved varieties of planting was moved to North America and figures as perdovik, mennonite and sun rise was more used nowadays for agriculture mechanizing production World oil to more than 15 million tonnes (6). Sunflower seeds contain 45-32% oil with culinary semi bright yellow, paint industry, are cosmetic. Fatty acids, oleic, linoleic and palmitic sunflower oil are more than quantity. Sunflower cultivation farms are also valuable sources of honey by bees meal (meal) and meals (oil_cake) a very good meal for livestock and poultry because they contain large amounts of protein and other foods are easy to digest (4). Nuts, sunflower cultivation in the city of Khoy in West Azerbaijan has the most experience in areas like Iran and Mazandaran, Lorestan, East and West Azarbaijan, Kermanshah, Khorasan and Fars capabilities are growing but due to the lack of the adequate performance of the Journal and planting dryland do not have to take that performance with an average of 300-250 kg per hectare to 1,400 kilograms per hectare is very low global production scale (6).
Table 2) Comparison of energetic vegetable oil and animal sources (17) of soybean, safflower, sunflower, peanut, corn oil, cottonseed oil, palm oil, animal fat
The amount of metabolic energy
(Kcal / kg) 8800 8800 8800 8800 8800 8800 8300 8200 7100-8500