Wheat inflorescence is Snblhay. Each node is usually a spike consists of two throat and three florets are produced. Sometimes the number of florets to reach 9. Wheat grain between spoon like the names of the diaper outer cover (Lama) and internal diapers (Paula) is located. Leaves of plants such as leaves and other cereals (excluding maize and millet), thin and narrow and small flames.
Wheat fruit according to its kind, 3 to 10 mm long and 3 to 5 mm diameter and includes the following sections.
Germ: or embryo that approximately 5.2% of the weight of the grain and rich in protein and fat, which is usually provided to separate the wheat flour.
Bran: the seed coat and almost 14% of the seed's weight. Bran and germ during the milling of grain, like separate and usually used for animal feed.
Endosperm contains starch grain is approximately 83 to 87 percent of total grain included. Starchy endosperm of seeds and protein products that starch grains with gluten, a protein found in grains, bonded together. The gluten found in grains of wheat varies depending on the type and race.
The same amount of wheat gluten that determines its quality. Hard red wheat gluten spring and fall further and therefore the value of their bread more. Because the dough of flour which is rich in gluten, due to elastic state, is able to hold more gases produced by the fermentation and therefore, better dough is peeling and more volume.
Perfect weather for growing wheat
Ideal conditions for growing wheat, cool weather during vegetative growth, mild weather during grain formation and the weather is warm and dry at harvest time. Therefore, in areas with harsh winters, the winter wheat crop is confronted with problems such as frostbite. Of course, we must recognize that the drought resistance of wheat is not and can not long tolerate drought and water scarcity. But is able to partially adapted to dry conditions and with the formation of smaller cells that will eventually form small leaves, resulting in smaller pores, reduce perspiration level of the negative effects of dehydration to some extent be kept confidential.
Wheat usually divided into two general categories of spring wheat and winter wheat are. In addition to these two types of seeds in terms of color, texture, shape and differ in terms of their growth will also differ. The two types of wheat grown in two different times of the year as well. Wheat, a groove that is in the seed. The depth of the groove in the large winter wheat and spring wheat is low. Round spring wheat and winter wheat sides of the groove is angular.
It is sown in early spring. After germination, the young plant growth in spring and early summer and late summer it has picked up the product. Spring wheat is usually planted in the areas that can not be against severe winter weather winter wheat areas, resist. Of course, the winter wheat cropping of spring more. Usually after seed when soil temperature was one degree above zero, to sow spring wheat.
If weather conditions allow wheat can be planted earlier and longer term growth and productivity is higher. Spring wheat to reach the flowering stage, must be long-term exposure to cold weather. If winter wheat planting in the spring, when the cold period will not, can not be good inflorescence form.
This type of wheat in the northern hemisphere, in the fall when soil temperatures of 13 ° C is less cultivated. The winter wheat sprouting seeds. Then in the winter, plant a young plant remains small and the beginning of spring, begins to grow again. Usually in the months of June, July or August Eventually, the grain is ready to be harvested. Winter wheat than spring wheat roots are deeper and Prpshttry up to 200 cm in the soil. This is due to longer growing season of winter wheat.