The reaction temperature, the atmosphere is of three types:
Type of spring that is sensitive to cold, so be planted in the spring.
Type of winter that can be planted in autumn and spring arrives, the spike does not produce.
Type intermediate that lower resistance to cold and relatively hot spots in both spring and autumn grown.
Spring barley and winter can be like spring and winter wheat grain difference is clear they recognize.
Winter weather in many semi-arid areas where rainfall often in warm seasons (spring and summer) is done, about 10 to 14 days earlier than winter wheat planted. Spring barley should also as far as possible before planting. The atmosphere of the Spring cold (temperatures below zero) is more sensitive than wheat. Earlier planting barley causes the barley crop before the arrival of the hot days and dry it. Delays due to barley grain diet, low yield and so on.
Joe's family, like other plants, grasses, different growth stages when each stage will be influenced by various factors. One of the factors contributing to the growth of plants, soil and fertilizer is used. Cody needs atmosphere is similar to wheat. Low levels of nitrogen and phosphorus and potassium soil to some extent, can limit the atmosphere. However, the use of fertilizers in order to produce maximum product, should be based on water consumption for the plant. Also for the production of barley as animal feed, fertilizer consumption is usually higher amount of fertilizer used for growing barley for other purposes, including the preparation of fermented products are grown. Usually 50 to 60 kg of nitrogen per hectare, can favorably enhance the atmosphere.
Joe pests and diseases
The atmosphere is extremely sensitive to fungal diseases. Smut one of the most important diseases.
Joe bunt, a fungus is U.hordei. In this disease, a mass of black spores instead of seeds takes content. Spore disease or inside placed at a granular level. When the seed germinates, the spores germinate and young plants are attacked. The prevalence of the disease in the territory of a neutral or acidic soils over calcareous soils (pH greater than 7).
Clear smut, caused by a fungus called U.gnuda. In this disease, a mass of black spores, instead of all the flowers fall. After the break-up of the flower, smut spores are spread by wind and rain and the stigma of the infected plants, not all reach and spread.
Stem rust, leaf rust and stripe rust and other fungal diseases are also especially in the hot and humid atmosphere are great losses.
Barley mildew attack caused by Erysiphia grarninis to be very sensitive. The disease usually high amount of nitrogen in the soil, the more spread. The sulfur dust can control the disease.
Joe from other diseases can be root rot, black spot, blight and viral diseases named.
The barley harvest
Consultants atmosphere when moisture content between 30 and 40%, the harvest. The amount of moisture, the grain is fatter. Due to the high amount of moisture for grain storage, grain must be dried artificially ways to grain heating and subsequent corruption is prevented.
The atmosphere is different. A significant part of it to be right or to be used as animal feed are half beaten. The nutritional value of barley for domestic and foreign non-nutritious pods and Pvshynk it, almost 5 percent of corn is lower. Today, try to be a breeding barley varieties with higher levels of protein and essential amino acids, especially lysine production.
The atmosphere in the kitchen to prepare the bread and soup used. For some children's products use the atmosphere. Some of peeled barley or half beaten and then removing the sheath, are used in soup.
In the bakery industry to use very little of the atmosphere. If genetic engineers can improve the nutritional value of food grains, barley can be one of the major grains such as wheat and bread used in the preparation of foods.
In some countries of barley used in fermented products. For example, barley malt used to produce them. Usually obese and uniform grain and grain that are not broken and the skin is peeled off, in the preparation of the products they use. The pigment is also clear, rapid and uniform germination power as well as having 10 to 13 percent protein, including Jvhayy characteristics is that in the preparation of such products than they used to be.